As Denys Arcand, the elder statesman of Quebec cinema, tells Walker on camera: “They couldn’t care less.”. The PQ, with only six seats, therefore, was the Official Opposition, squaring off against Bourassa’s 102 Members of the National Assembly (MNAs). “What Lévesque knew — and, in an emotional way, sometimes felt himself — was how Quebec’s language legislation flowed from the fears that among the profoundest elements in Quebec history: fear of assimilation, fear of humiliation, fear of loss of control of society and loss of identity,” Graham Fraser wrote in his book about the PQ. The only violence in the early days was over hockey: the 1955 riot at the Forum in response to the suspension of Maurice “Rocket” Richard. 1976 – Quebec-born author Saul Bellow wins the Nobel Prize for literature. Quebec has played a special role in French history ; the modern province occupies much of the land where French settlers founded the colony of Canada (New France) in the 17th and 18th centuries. Sign up to receive daily headline news from the Montreal Gazette, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. But there was nothing mean about it; it made you think rather of a very pure, hot first day, the ‘beginning of a new age’ we were singing about without really daring to believe it was true.”, Lévesque later said the memorable words he uttered in his speech that night were improvised: “I’ve never been so proud to be a Québécois! René Lévesque’s sweeping victory raised the spectre of Quebec separating from Canada and led to the adoption of Bill 101 and an exodus of anglophone Montrealers. Stores that carry Exodus Cheese near me (change) Filter. It was by no means certain leading up to the 1980 referendum that the separatists would lose. Between 1971 and 1981, the English-speaking population of Montreal declined by nearly 100,000; over the next 20 years – which included another referendum in 1995, that only kept Quebec … If you don't see it please check your junk folder. The Montreal Gazette did a series on the anglophone exodus from the province of Quebec in the 1970's. Watch Queue Queue It failed to elect a single candidate out of a full slate of 110. By a strong majority, it also promised not to make sovereignty a major theme in the next election campaign. Local historians trace the roots of the community to Henry Joseph, a British quartermaster in Gen. James Wolfe’s army who became a merchant. Here are five key moments in Lévesque’s first mandate as premier: Vowing to call a referendum in his term, Lévesque, a charismatic figure, won power by a surprisingly large margin, taking 71 of 110 seats. presentation-ready copies of Toronto Star content for distribution In the 1973 election, the Union Nationale was effectively wiped out. There was an error, please provide a valid email address. In rapid succession, the community was rocked by the FLQ crisis of 1970, the election of a Parti Québécois government in 1976 and a referendum on independence in 1980, all accompanied by a steady exodus of more than 300,000 capitalists, workers, students and artists. As for Lévesque, he “went out of his way in a most conciliatory speech to assure the world that ‘nowhere have I felt in our inmost hearts any spark of hostility or spirit of revenge against anyone whatsoever’ in the formulation of the legislation,” the Gazette reported. Join the mailing list to receive daily email updates, Nov. 15, 1976: Parti Québécois victory shakes Canada. Premier Robert Bourassa’s Liberals hung on to only 26 ridings. It promises not to hold a referendum on independence if it wins the next election. Where to buy Exodus Cheese marijuana near me. “I don’t remember seeing it before,” says Mrs. Walker. Image Not Found. And the young generation isn’t interested in the old French-English conflicts” that sparked an exodus of people, capital, and businesses when the separatist Parti Quebecois won election in 1976. Ironically it was this federal agency that enabled francophone nationalism to reach the point at which radical nationalists proud of their French heritage and language came close to breaking Canada apart. Assouline said buyers fear property values will plummet amid an exodus of residents from the mainly English-speaking areas such as after the 1976 election, the first time the PQ took power. This is attributed primarily to an exodus of anglophones to other provinces and raised questions about the sustainability of the community. He campaigned for the leadership on a promise not to call a referendum if the PQ wins the next election, due in October 2018. “We promise there won’t be a referendum out of respect to the majority decision of May 20,” Lévesque said. This video is unavailable. But he reserved the right to call a snap election midterm if “the renewal of federalism were to lead to a complete impasse and (Ottawa) refuses to make a legitimate place for the fundamental interests of Quebec.”. “We realized we have no roots in Toronto,” Walker recalled in an interview the other day. Wives of Ukrainian Settlers, Val-d’Or, Quebec (courtesy Library and Archives Canada/PA-027486) 1945–1952: In the wake of the Second World War, millions of displaced Ukrainians sought refuge in Western Europe and North America. A welcome email is on its way. … The arena erupted in an ovation that continued for well over five minutes, as if, in a final shout of emotion, the crowd could turn back the sea of No votes. Please try again. 1977 – On August 26, the Quebec Charter of the French Language (Bill 101) becomes law. This was a tense period in Canadian history where the the Question was about Quebec's future in Canada. Instead, she’s laughing. rights reserved. That decision marked a turning point for the family. Elsewhere in the province, most settlers lived along the shores of the St. Lawrence, but settlements were beginning to take root in the Laurentians, on the shores of the Ottawa, Saint-Maurice and Saguenay Rivers, and in the Eastern Townships. For years so did so did the director. “On a hockey rink, you quickly learn about French/English politics,” Walker explains. In 1976, Michael Bussee helped found the "ex-gay" group known as Exodus International. Postmedia is committed to maintaining a lively but civil forum for discussion and encourage all readers to share their views on our articles. Republication or distribution of this content is Quebec / English Exodus #494798 NBC Evening News for Wednesday, Jul 06, 1977 View other clips in this broadcast → Material supplied by VTNA may be used for educational analysis or research only. By continuing to use our site, you agree to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Michael Chang and Dan Shields gave you the cliché version. The sense we are left with is that she feels overwhelmingly comforted by the awareness of being home at last. It was a haven for freedom of expression, where it was safe to defy Duplessis. Liberal leader Claude Ryan was a lacklustre campaigner. “It brought all of this back,” Walker explains. Current PQ leader Jean-François Lisée has taken a page from Lévesque’s playbook. Polls closed at 7 p.m. The population is predominantly French-speaking and Roman Catholic, with a large Anglophone minority, augmented in recent years by immigrants from Asia. But it was an unasked question that kept me wondering: Why hasn’t there been a movie chronicling the mass exodus of English-speaking Canadians from Quebec made before now? All Forty years ago, on Nov. 15, 1976, the Parti Québécois won power for the first time in a groundbreaking election. In 2014, in Quebec’s last provincial election, the PQ with Pauline Marois at the helm saw its popular vote fall to 25 per cent, the lowest score since the party’s first election, in 1970. After a bruising, five-week campaign, Quebecers wanted to be heard — 85.6 per cent of eligible voters cast ballots. Exodus Cheese is a hybrid cannabis strain. Some 30,000 to 40,000 Jews are believed to have left Quebec in the years following the Parti Quebecois’ rise to power in 1976. Since the PQ's first election win in 1976 and the subsequent 1980 sovereignty referendum, Quebec's English speaking population has declined by thousands of people. During the postwar period of the late 1940s and ’50s, the fundamental change of attitude for most French-speaking Quebec was not antagonism to English-speaking neighbours, at least not initially. Exodus from Quebec City. For instance, there was a belief that only rich people from Westmount left and the total numbers were underestimated. “My parents moved just before the 1980 referendum. This was helped by Bourassa’s physical awkwardness and his stilted speaking style and the cascade of sca… They were ready to embrace a new cause. We ask you to keep your comments relevant and respectful. Finally. At the time of Confederation, the province consisted only of the southern part of what is known as modern-day Quebec. Still, this was a quiet revolution. Some had counted the PQ out after the stinging referendum defeat, but despite the rejection of “sovereignty-association,” Lévesque remained a heroic figure in much of Quebec. History does record an exodus of corporate head offices and anglophones after the 1976 election of the first Parti Quebecois government, which was … Many tempers flared during this time and … For years, Bussee had hoped the ministry would help "cure" his homosexuality, but three years after founding Exodus, he had a change of heart. Have a Heart - Bothell. Comments may take up to an hour for moderation before appearing on the site. That’s exactly what he does in this feature-length doc, with the help of many people who lived through it, including poets, politicians and filmmakers on both sides of the linguistic and cultural divide. The next election would be on April 13, 1981. It was a very emotional time for his father, a graphic artist who at age 52 found he could no longer get work. With ancestral roots dating from the British army’s invasion of New France in 1759, Quebec City’s Jewish settlement is the oldest in Canada. © 2020 Montreal Gazette, a division of Postmedia Network Inc. All rights reserved. The future film director grew up in the Town of Mount Royal, where most of the neighbours were Jewish. The Mutasarifiate brought new challenges: The new political regime allowed free trade, which led to an influx of European goods into the Lebanese market. “With a slight smile on his lips, a triumphant Cultural Development Minister Camille Laurin last night watched his long-nurtured Charter of the French Language pass in the National Assembly by 54 votes against 32,” the Gazette reported. Many were well-educated young people fed up with political uncertainty, French-only language laws and public discourse often viewed as intolerant, if not outright anti-Semitic. Before long, the PQ government introduced Bill 101, making French the only official language of the province. After losing the 1980 sovereignty referendum, the Parti Québécois shelves sovereignty. permissions/licensing, please go to: www.TorontoStarReprints.com. Instead of being a gloomy scene, joy and relief balance the sadness. Thousands of people stopped going to church and felt liberated from the iron rule of Quebec premier Maurice Duplessis. This social justice movement unleashed dramatic cultural and political changes that led to the separatist movement, the FLQ terrorist crisis and, ultimately, the exodus of … René Lévesque’s sweeping victory raised the spectre of Quebec separating from Canada and led to the adoption of Bill 101 and an exodus of anglophone Montrealers. 4.7 (198) View menu only. And there were many prominent Jewish families who made the move from Montreal to Toronto, included noted philanthropists like the Appel family. In 1976, the PQ election was effectively the antithesis of the Quiet Revolution, and a very different time. We apologize, but this video has failed to load. PQ election victories and independence referenda between 1976 and 1995 sparked an exodus of thousands of Jews, mainly young adults, and left the remaining Jewish community on edge and apprehensive about its future. Within an hour, Radio-Canada was projecting a No victory. ... 1976: Victory. Many of them took Highway 401 to Toronto. Exodus Cheese. “We were totally unaware that we were among the most privileged people in the world.”. English Quebec reached its zenith sometime around Expo 67. But in recent times Walker has been living and working in Halifax, and spends time in Montreal. ... 1976 – 1979 . All Products; Edible; Pickup. Many of … But one thing is certain: It is French Quebec which is the majority and which will decide in this election.”. This copy is for your personal non-commercial use only. In that first term, the PQ also brought in other major reforms: It outlawed corporate donations to political parties, introduced no-fault car insurance and banned scab labour during strikes. “It was a place where intellectuals and artists could get work,” says Walker. Their observation is right in terms of results. Starting in 1976 it governed the province for long periods and twice tried to prise it away from the rest of Canada through referendums (in 1980 and 1995). In the unforgettable finale of Walker’s doc, he and his sisters have brought their mother back from Toronto to live in Montreal. Let’s discuss actual economics. The three years that followed would see Lévesque reposition himself and his party as more than a movement of constitutional change. Quebec My Country Mon Pays charts the aftermath of Quebec’s Quiet Revolution in the 1960s. Generally known as simply “Cheese” or “UK Cheese,” Exodus Cheese is the original clone-only strain that originated in Southern England sometime during the late 1980s or early 90s. Product Category. It was then that he started to feel the uncomfortable sense of being part of a minority group. Image Not Found. We’re not a little people, we’re closer to something like a great people!’”. Availability. In his autobiography, Lévesque described the election night scene at the Paul Sauvé arena: “It was more than a sweep, it was a tidal wave, breaking in from everywhere to carry away the joyful crowd of adults laughing with tears in their eyes, children perched on their shoulders thrilled and amazed at this political Christmas party, the fleur de lys floating triumphantly over the sea of faces, all our veterans elected and re-elected, crazy artist-types welcoming the poet Gérald Godin, who had just tasted sweet revenge by defeating the man who had him locked up in October 1970. “I felt there were important things that hadn’t been talked about and I wanted to tell the story from our point of view.”. The radical movement stopped seeming hip and relatively harmless in 1970 when British diplomat James Cross was kidnapped and Quebec cabinet minister Pierre Laporte was killed by the terrorist Front de libération du Québec (FLQ). Copyright owned or licensed by Toronto Star Newspapers Limited. expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Toronto Star Newspapers Limited and/or its licensors. Walker’s parents and his younger sister stayed in Toronto. Read more about cookies here. Overview. Newspapers Limited, One Yonge Street, 4th floor, Toronto, ON, M5E 1E6. I happened to watch this fascinating and sad film during Passover, so it struck me as a contemporary postscript to the flight of the Israelites from Egypt thousands of years ago. It was clear the party was over for people like the Walkers. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was talking about unilaterally repatriating the constitution. And were francophone nationalists moved by the despair and melancholy of Anglos who felt they were being turned into second-class citizens, no longer welcome in the only place that felt like home? Unauthorized distribution, transmission or republication strictly prohibited. Furthermore, Beirut’s population, which had quadrupled between 1830 and 1850, doubled between 1865 and 1920, as a result of the internal exodus from the over-populated Mount Lebanon area. The next issue of Montreal Gazette Headline News will soon be in your inbox. Language and identity were among Lévesque’s themes. It was a November election that shook a country and left many uneasy about what would happen next. “To me, the exodus was a story I wanted to tell. Many provocative questions are raised in the documentary Quebec My Country Mon Pays, which will have its world premiere at Hot Docs on Saturday. Movies, especially Le chat dans le sac, a 1964 feature made at the NFB by Gilles Groulx, helped create a mythology, an identity and a back story for those who grew up in the province speaking and living entirely in French, while feeling surrounded by millions of others in North America who spoke only English. This website uses cookies to personalize your content (including ads), and allows us to analyze our traffic. Looking at old family pictures now, Walker sees an innocence in his own boyhood face. The final result: No, 59.56 per cent; Yes, 40.44 per cent. There were a lot of myths about what happened and I realized I needed to challenge some of them,” he says. Everything that Montreal has dealt with since 1976 – lower immigration and foreign investment than Toronto – … Quebec nationalism and the exodus just accelerated that demise. These people came from all over Canada including Quebec. We encountered an issue signing you up. More than 5,000 sovereignists “had gathered at Paul Sauvé Arena, to sing and chant and weep together,” Graham Fraser related in his 1984 book, PQ: René Lévesque and the Parti Québécois in Power. There is already a minority which understands but they are imprisoned in propaganda; it’s not their fault. “I had no idea why the French didn’t like us.”. To order We have enabled email notifications—you will now receive an email if you receive a reply to your comment, there is an update to a comment thread you follow or if a user you follow comments. In 1976, nationalists danced in the streets of Montreal when René Lévesque and the Parti Quebecois came to power. There are some similarities, in that there is a feeling of corruption in the Quebec Liberal Party (which was rampant in 1976) and from these the feeling of a need for change, but Quebec is very different from the Quebec in 1976. René Lévesque takes to the microphone after the Parti Québécois victory in the 1976 election. RELIGION. But in 2008, when Walker’s father died, there was suddenly an urgent question: Where was the family going to bury him? Four days into the 1981 campaign, Lévesque told a crowd in St-Hyacinthe that Liberals wanted to “bring us back to the most humiliating period in our past, when we let ourselves be walked over.”, Warning about the risk of electing Liberals in both Ottawa and Quebec City, Lévesque concluded: “I have nothing against our English-speaking friends. There were many prominent Jewish families who made the move from Montreal to Toronto, included noted philanthropists like Walkers... Who became a merchant where it was then that he started to feel the sense! 40.44 per cent ; Yes, 40.44 per cent ; Yes, 40.44 per cent of the southern part a! As exodus International of them, ” Walker explains valid email address respect... Is expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Toronto Star Newspapers Limited a.... A page from Lévesque ’ s when the first time which is majority. N'T see it please check your junk folder republication or distribution of this back, ” Lévesque.. 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